Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development <p>Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development (IJRD), is an International official journal of the “Aleksandër Moisiu” University of Durrës, Albania. IJRD is an open-access journal that considers original articles, reviews and short communications of high scientific standard in the full spectrum of sciences. Our aim is to promote the exchange of information and knowledge among researchers, students and academic staffs. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and academic excellence. All articles published in this journal will be peer-reviewed. Papers will be published shortly after acceptance. All users have right to access freely online all the articles published by IJRD without any charge.</p> en-US (Prof. Sokol Pacukaj) (Dr. Xhafer Rakipllari) Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 A Model for Albanian Speech Recognition Using End-to-End Deep Learning Techniques <p>End-to-end Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) system folds the acoustic model (AM), language model (LM), and pronunciation model (PM) into a single neural network. The joint optimization of all these components optimizes performance of the model. In this paper, we introduce a model for Albanian speech recognition (SR) using end-to-end deep learning techniques. The two main modules that build this model are: Residual Convolutional Neural Networks (ResCNN), which aims to learn the relevant features and Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Networks (BiRNN) aiming to leverage the learned ResCNN audio features. To train and evaluate the model, we have built a corpus for Albanian Speech Recognition (CASR), which contains 100 hours of audio data along with their transcripts. During the design of the corpus we took into account the attributes of the speaker such as: age, gender, and accent, speed of utterance and dialect, so that it is as heterogeneous as possible. The evaluation of the model is done through word error rate (WER) and character error rate (CER) metrics. It achieves 5% WER and 1% CER.</p> Amarildo Rista, Arbana Kadriu Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Technology and Virtual Reality in Teaching - The Challenge of the New Century <p class="05ABSTRACT">The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the education way of function for millions of people around the globe. Isolation measures because of the Covid-19 pandemic, brought, among other things, new and previously unexplored challenges in the teaching process. Teachers, pupils, students, and parents faced the need to align learning needs with technological innovations, turning their homes into a separate school for all. They had to adapt a physical environment to their homes, to avoid distraction. Moreover, they had to better manage their computer time, as well as use new ways of communication with teachers or educators, especially when they needed help. On the other hand, the pandemic served as a reflection period for all individuals and researchers in the field of education, to understand how much youth and education systems must cope with to encourage the application of online educational assessment of learning instead of classroom traditional assessment. In the framework of pedagogical methodology that offers a study, we have tried to show the importance of adapting the subject to online teaching (ratio of theoretical and practical part within the subject), curriculum design and development and teacher profile. Valuable information is also provided on how these challenges can bring much-needed innovation to education, given the digital approach and new online methods used in response to the crisis, best practices from Member States, including new and existing teaching resources, etc., that address current challenges and to be used by teachers, other education professionals and the public. Albanian schools joined this initiative and shared their valuable experiences with European colleagues. Adapting to online teaching tools, the Council of Europe joined the efforts of the Albanian authorities by preparing the Albanian version of the manuals for teachers, who should be provided with knowledge of the use of ICT equipment, to manage any situation, adaptation to the changes of time and threats of nowadays.</p> Jani Sota Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Labor Market under the Influence of Covid -19 and the Need for Changes in the Labor Code <p>The purpose of this paper is to show how the labor market has changed after Covid-19, the need to adapt to these changes and the birth of new professions. In Albania, as in other countries in the region and beyond, the spread of covid-19 brought consequences in the field of employment, both in terms of employment levels and new mentalities and job profiles. Analyzed and what size work from home took, can it be one of the newest ways to work being applied by all countries. Undoubtedly Covid-19 brought radical change, it is already certain that the professions and the labor market post Covid-19 will not be the one we are used to and have acted on so far. Obviously all this change will not only require intervention from economic and social actors to adapt to the new conditions, but also need an intervention in the Code of Labor and bylaws for further specification of work from home, or as it is otherwise called telework.</p> Majlinda Velçani, Parashqevi Draci Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200