Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD <p>Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development (IJRD), is an International official journal of the “Aleksandër Moisiu” University of Durrës, Albania. IJRD is an open-access journal that considers original articles, reviews and short communications of high scientific standard in the full spectrum of sciences. Our aim is to promote the exchange of information and knowledge among researchers, students and academic staffs. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and academic excellence. All articles published in this journal will be peer-reviewed. Papers will be published shortly after acceptance. All users have right to access freely online all the articles published by IJRD without any charge.</p> en-US sokolpacukaj@uamd.edu.al (Prof. Sokol Pacukaj) xhrakipllari@gmail.com (Dr. Xhafer Rakipllari) Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 3.3.0.5 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Fundamental Legal Notion and Codification of the International Law of the Sea https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/26 <p class="05ABSTRACT">The development of the public international law of the sea is considered a legal element inseparable from the historical-legal process of the adoption and development of international law in general. Although the basic concepts of general maritime legislation are found in the customary maritime law of ancient Rome and Greece, as well as in the rules of medieval maritime codes created by Hispanic, Italian, and English city-states between the 11th and XVth centuries in Europe, the law of the sea in the contemporary sense of the term, was adopted as a result of interrelations between European states with maritime interests during the period known as the modern or post-medieval era of history. International law of the sea, as it is considered today, developed only when the necessity of the creation of independent territorial states enabled the true development of international relations in Europe. This radical change in the international system, the beginnings of which can be found in the historical developments of the Conference of Westphalia in 1648, can not be considered a separate event, but reflects a complex process characterized by a slow and silent historical development of which has progressed from the sixteenth century onwards, to the twenty-first century.</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">Received: 27 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 March 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Ermal Xhelilaj, Osman Metalla Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/26 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Evaluation of Teaching Methods in Medical Technical Science Department of Aleksander Moisiu University of Durres https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/27 <p class="05ABSTRACT">Teaching is the key to have a well- prepared student in the job market.The department of medical technical science has always been committed to teaching as high quality as possible. The aim of our study is to evaluate the teaching methods in Medial Technical Science Department in Aleksander Moisiu University of Durres. This is a cross- sectional studies conducted in a period of 2 moths were 332 students participate. Student’s feedback on teaching methods was collected through “Google form questionnaire”. Questions regarding type of teaching methods, how satisfy students were about teaching methods and what they suggest to improve the teaching were collected. Data were presented as percentage. In our study students were satisfied with teaching methods except with laboratory and hospital practice. Most of the students reported that video projector teaching methods has a great impact in understanding the lecture. More teaching and students interactivity and evaluation forms in the end of the lecture were suggested from the students.</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">Received: 30 January 2022 / Accepted: 5 March 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Rezarta Kalaja, Marsida Krasniqi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/27 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Contribution to the General History of School Health Service in Albania (From Origins to Nowadays) https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/28 <p>We are all witnesses of the great traces left by the school health service in Albania, especially after the Second World War, in the protection of the health of preschool and school age, we are witnesses, when the bodies and personalities of health and education defined the role of health care in kindergartens and schools. The purpose of this study is to highlight the common features and characteristics of the health service in preschool and school institutions with a special identity, in order to care for the physical and mental health of children and students, hygienic care and disease prevention. infectious infections, as well as health education in the learning process. Methodology: study of source materials, such as newspapers, magazines and monographs; A comparison has been made between the school health service in Albania and those of western countries during the years, in order to derive their common features and goals. Procedure: analysing in detail some aspects of identity of school service or of any contemporary feature of our country or western countries, we will see that: the historical development of the school health service in Albania, compared to those of western countries; Albanian government policies to protect the health of children and students; organization of health service in kindergartens and schools of towns and villages; regulations of the school health service which determined the character of this service, the prophylactic and medical one according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure the development of physical and psychomotor norms of children and students, etc ; indicators of the improvement of the hygienic-sanitary conditions of preschool and school institutions after 1990; etc.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 4 January 2022 / Accepted: 24 February 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Jani Sota Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/28 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Impact of Unethical Cannabis Marketing and Its Legal Status on Albanian Consumers https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/29 <p class="05ABSTRACT">The purpose of this paper is to study how different marketing strategies regarding cannabis products can affect the buying behavior of consumers in a developing country like Albania, where cannabis cultivation, production, and marketing of its by-products are still prohibited. Primary data have been collected through a structured questionnaire distributed to a population residing mostly in Tirana, but also in Kosovo and the Republic of North Macedonia, made up of students as well as young and middle-aged professionals of different fields. This sample has been chosen to study if people from countries with a legalized cannabis market tend to be more affected by cannabis advertising and consequently to use more cannabis products, as well as the risk of a negative impact of massive advertising on abusive use of medical and recreational cannabis among different age-groups of the society, especially the most vulnerable ones. To evaluate the data, a regression analysis has been used, which showed that unethical marketing practices in advertising cannabis for recreational and medical purposes do affect considerably sales of these products among citizens. The findings are important to help compile the relevant legislation regarding the marketing of cannabis for these purposes, to adapt to the consequences of possible future legalization.</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">Received: 25 December 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Nives Lamçe, Aelita Mani, Adriana Xhuveli Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/29 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Adolescence in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenges Encountered https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/30 <p class="05ABSTRACT">Adolescence and puberty are the most important stage in an individual's transition from childhood to the world of an adult. The changes he goes through are radical and significant for what he knows about himself and introduces to others. Physical, psychological and social changes characterize and accompany adolescents throughout this journey. The way each of them copes with these changes is different based on personal characteristics as well as gender and cultural ones. But mostly on the basis of the presence of a possible disorder such as autism. As a stage that is present during a lifetime period in every person without exception, the ones with ASD go through a serie of challenges and difficulties that need to be focused on during this process.</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">Received: 28 December 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Adisa Teliti, Liljana Resulaj Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/30 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Project Management for the Implementation of a Software: Case Study Debt Collection Software System https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/32 <p>Project management has become an essential element across all industrial sectors in the successful delivery of projects. Regardless of the industrial sector or size of project, project management methodologies (PMM) can be applied to improve the probability of meeting the project goals. This paper will discuss about how to manage the whole project from the idea to its implementation for the creation of software on debt management. It will show the way the work was planned until the end of the product, to give the customer a product of the highest quality. The current situation of how debt management companies work is very difficult, unproductive and day by day it was becoming a serious problem. Everything was born from the accumulated work experiences over the years and the current state of the Albanian market. Information management in Albanian companies is done through Excel files, where information is disorganized, insecure and can be lost from time to time due to technical problems. The current situation on debt management activity is very backward compared to technological innovation. Current ways of working are certainly associated with negative economic consequences for debt collection companies and major financial risks. In the current working conditions, there was a clear lack of information efficiency, which made the performance of debt collection agents extremely low. In this situation, studying the Albanian market and the ever-increasing demands of this type of activity, it was seen as necessary to create software on management. of debts.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 24 January 2022 / Accepted: 15 March 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022</p> Valma Prifti Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.journal-uamd.org/index.php/IJRD/article/view/32 Sun, 20 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0100