Globalization and its Effect on the National Economy: The Albanian Case


  • Natasha Hoda Dr., Lecturer at the Public Department, Faculty of Political Sciences and Law, Aleksander Moisiu University, Durrës
  • Juliana Imeraj Lecturer at the Department of Finance-Accounting, Faculty of Business, Aleksander Moisiu University, Durrës
  • Hysen Hoda Doc. Dr. Lecturer at the Department of Finance-Accounting, Faculty of Business, Aleksander Moisiu University, Durrës



Globalization, Glocalization, National Economy, Free Market, Market Economy, Polarization


Globalization is a widely discussed phenomenon that involves the free flow of goods, services, capital, and people across the world. It is mainly focused on economic and cultural aspects, among others. Globalization can be considered as a trend towards increasing of the interdependence and integration among the countries and regions of the globe. Globalization affects us all and leads a radical change in the human’s lives all over the planet, in the relations between them as well as in culture and other aspects related to institutions. So globalization increases incomes but simultaneously increases social inequalities, leaving some countries and groups of people behind. To put it simply, globalization can rapidly enrich a small group of capable individuals while impoverishing the larger population. This ultimately leads to a decline in living standards across the world. Globalization has both positive and negative sides, globalization also produces winners and losers, both between countries and within them, so there are losses and the lost, but the supporters of globalization do not accept this fact. In conditions when the economies are converging and that this phenomenon is generally acceptable, national governments should look forward to pay attention to the growth of domestic capital the pursuit of international financial reforms with the aim of making it possible to find solutions to help losses and the lost. National governments should have social protection policies on the top of their agenda as well as programs that will help as much as possible in the correcting of the unequal distribution, to help different groups in need. Labor migration is a negative phenomenon that caused by the globalization and damages the economy of small countries in transition as people capable of working move to developed countries for a better life than what they leave in their country of origin. The main indicators of the globalization of the national economy are producing for world markets, being part of the global financial markets, as well as foreign direct investments. Globalization is inevitable, under these conditions the duty of the national governments is to face of the pressure that leads to the subordination of the local economy to the global one. Globalization facilitates the connection of different parts of the world, reducing borders and allowing national economies to cater to global tastes. The decreased transportation costs also contribute to the intermingling of the global and local aspects, ultimately leading to the unification of regions. About globalism, there are currents for and against, while the opponents of globalism as well as those who call globalization the cause of poverty and inequality have not drawn up any alternative model for economic growth and development throughout the globe. Small countries like Albania require large international corporations or companies to invest in them to achieve comprehensive economic development, reduce unemployment, and increase well-being. Financial institutions like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund also play a crucial role in this process.



Received: 25 December 2023 / Accepted: 25 February 2024 / Published: 23 April 2024




How to Cite

Hoda, N., Imeraj, J., & Hoda, H. (2024). Globalization and its Effect on the National Economy: The Albanian Case. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development, 11(1 S1), 218.