The Concept of Child Well-Being: Parenting and School


  • Ledia Kashahu Xhelilaj Faculty of Education, University "Aleksandër Moisiu", Durrës, Albania
  • Kinga Orzeł-Dereń Pedagogical University of Krakow, Poland



child well-being, objective well-being, subjective well-being, parenting, school


This century is characterized by dramatic changes in all aspects of human life. Technological changes, the covid-19 pandemic and accompanying factors, fierce competition in every direction and especially in the labor market, have increased the pressure on families and children and added uncertainty and dilemmas for the future. In this context, the well-being of families and the younger generation is in question. In this study, the authors focuses on the concept of well-being and the theories on which it is based as well as the changes that this concept has undergone for several decades. They analyze the objective and subjective well-being of children based on the Theory of Ecological Systems by Urie Bronfenbrenner (1992). Based on literature review, there is a high variation in the definition of the term well being. The lack of clarity on the full meaning of the term is seen as a potential factor in the misuse of this concept by professionals who support the well-being of children in schools. The authors addresses the role of the school family in the well-being of children by highlighting the importance of a systematic assessment of their subjective well-being. Finally, strategies and policies at various levels are discussed, which should be followed to ensure the well-being of new generation.


Received: 11 January 2022 / Accepted: 23 March 2022 / Published: 30 March 2022




How to Cite

Kashahu Xhelilaj, L., & Orzeł-Dereń, K. (2022). The Concept of Child Well-Being: Parenting and School. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development, 9(1. S1), 5.