Contribution to the General History of School Health Service in Albania (From Origins to Nowadays)


  • Jani Sota Universiteti "Aleksandër Moisiu", Durrës, Albania


Health service, kindergarten, school, legislation, regulations, medical staff, children / students


We are all witnesses of the great traces left by the school health service in Albania, especially after the Second World War, in the protection of the health of preschool and school age, we are witnesses, when the bodies and personalities of health and education defined the role of health care in kindergartens and schools. The purpose of this study is to highlight the common features and characteristics of the health service in preschool and school institutions with a special identity, in order to care for the physical and mental health of children and students, hygienic care and disease prevention. infectious infections, as well as health education in the learning process. Methodology: study of source materials, such as newspapers, magazines and monographs; A comparison has been made between the school health service in Albania and those of western countries during the years, in order to derive their common features and goals. Procedure: analysing in detail some aspects of identity of school service or of any contemporary feature of our country or western countries, we will see that: the historical development of the school health service in Albania, compared to those of western countries; Albanian government policies to protect the health of children and students; organization of health service in kindergartens and schools of towns and villages; regulations of the school health service which determined the character of this service, the prophylactic and medical one according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure the development of physical and psychomotor norms of children and students, etc ; indicators of the improvement of the hygienic-sanitary conditions of preschool and school institutions after 1990; etc.


Received: 4 January 2022 / Accepted: 24 February 2022 / Published: 20 March 2022




How to Cite

Sota, J. . (2022). Contribution to the General History of School Health Service in Albania (From Origins to Nowadays). Interdisciplinary Journal of Research and Development, 9(1), 13. Retrieved from